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Headwaters Preservation

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THE NEED

Our headwater creeks, once bustling home to fresh-water trout, are on verge of total collapse!

Just a generation or two ago the headwater creeks of the Severn River were nirvana for recreational anglers. Brook trout require clean, cool, running water and cannot tolerate water temperatures greater than 75 degrees F. With ample shade provided by a largely intact lowland forest of red maple, river birch, sycamore and ash, the Severn’s headwater creeks provided ideal spawning grounds for trout.

On any early spring morning, you’d see a long line of cars parked along the shoulder of a quiet, two-lane highway known as Rt. 32. Anglers crowded the creek beds to try their luck on the branches of the Jabez, Severn Run and Bear Creek.

But along came construction of the eight-lane Interstate I-97 and Rt. 32 overpass complex. This new highway spurred rapid development in the Severna Park-Millersville area that surrounds our headwater creeks.

Stormwater runoff from the highways, and massive failures of runoff control systems have poured mountains of sand and dirt into the headwaters, virtually burying the creeks. So much sand has run into the headwater coastal plain that sandy islands appear in the river itself after big storms.

Result: Trout habitat has been devastated. Creeks with deep ravines have replaced the once lazy flow of flat-land streams. Our remaining fresh-water trout now struggle to survive in a tiny quarter-mile stretch of the Jabez Creek.

THE SOLUTION

Repair damage and restore our headwater creeks

The Severn River Association joined forces with the Severn Riverkeeper to organize citizens to pressure county and state agencies to see the damages caused by their roadway investments.

PARTNERS

Severn River Association, Severn Riverkeeper, Maryland State Highway Administration, Anne Arundel County Department of Public Works

Program Goal

Restore headwater creeks and brook trout habitat

Program Outcomes

  • Protect surviving trout habitat in Jabez branch #3
  • Engage state and county officials in repairing damage Rally public support for headwater restoration efforts
  • Design stream restoration proposals for headwaters, starting with Jabez #3
  • Improve water quality in fresh water streams to expand trout habitat